Until 1664, New York’s name was New Amsterdam. In that year the English took it from the Dutch and named it after the Duke of York and Albany. George Washington was pronounced president at Federal Hall (Wall Street, NYC).
New York is the 11th state of the union, joining on July 26, 1788. NYC was for a while the first capital of the United States of America. There are several theories on the provenance of NYC’s nickname, The Big Apple. There are over 700 miles (more than 1,000 km) of subway lines in New York City. On September 11, 2001, New York residents were most heavily touched by the tragic events. Nicknamed Empire State, State of New York has population of over 20 million. Queens, Bronx, Staten Island and Brooklyn joined Manhattan to form a “Greater New York” in 1898, doubling the population and expanding the territory 6 times. About 1 in every 37 people living in the U.S.A. is a New York City resident. New York City has bigger population than 80% of U.S. states. The capital Albany was founded by Dutch settlers and was originally named Fort Orange. The people of France sent the Statue of Liberty as a present. Adirondack Park covers more territory than Yellowstone, Grand Canyon, Glacier and Everglades National Parks combined. Every year, 14 million tourists visit Niagara Falls. Niagara Reservation became the first state park in the United States. New York has over 70,000 miles (100,000 km) of rivers and streams. Cooperstown, New York, is the hometown of the National Baseball Hall of Fame. There are many parrots living in the streets of Brooklyn. Since 1992, women can go topless in New York. In 1906, the Bronx Zoo exhibited a human being in cage – a Congolese pygmy named Ota Benga. There is not a single Walmart store in New York City. It is believed that the NYC has the greatest linguistic diversity in the world. Presidents Martin Van Buren, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Millard Fillmore were all born in this state. Hudson River is depicted on New York’s official flag. The first American chess tournament was held in New York in 1843. The New York State Thruway is in fact the longest toll road in the country.